High Level High Quality High Efficiency
One-on-One / Group, In-person / Online Instruction
YU: CHEM 2020 & 3020; UofT: CHM136, 138H, CHM247S, 249S, 347F, 348F, 343S, 342F; McM: CHEM2OA3, 2OB3, 2OC3, 2OD3, 3D03; UWO: CHEM2213a & 2223b.
* YU: York University;
UofT: University of Toronto;
McM: McMaster University;
UWO: University of Western Ontario
The International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) is an educational programme examined in one of three languages (English, French or Spanish) and is a leading university entrance course. Through this program students can obtain university course credits while attending high school. The program is recognized by all major universities in the world.
It is taught in 2,075 schools, often in international schools, in 125 countries all around the world. More than half of the schools offering the Diploma Programme are state funded schools.
Students elect six subjects of which they must study three at higher and three at standard levels. After a two year course they are examined by a mixture of externally set examination papers and internally assessed (externally moderated) coursework.
They are given a final grade out of 7 for each subject making a mark out of 42. To this mark is added a further possible three points representing their achievement in the Theory of Knowledge and Extended essays (externally assessed).
A student attaining 24 or more marks will be awarded the International Baccalaureate Diploma provided that he/she has attained grade levels of 4 or above in the higher subjects. There are a number of failing conditions which will prevent a student from being awarded a Diploma regardless of the points they received (such as non-completion of CAS, plagiarism, no EE etc).
General objectives relating to Group IV (sciences)
The (assessment) objectives reflect those parts of the aims which will be assessed. Wherever appropriate the assessment will draw upon environmental and technological contexts; identify the social and economic effects of the experimental sciences, and the moral considerations of scientific activity.
It is the intention of all experimental sciences programmes that students should be able to:
Demonstrate: an understanding of scientific facts and concepts scientific methods/techniques scientific terminology methods of presenting scientific information
Apply and use:
• scientific facts and concepts
• scientific methods/techniques
• scientific terminology to communicate effectively
• appropriate methods to present scientific information
Construct, Analyse and Evaluate:-
• hypotheses, research questions and predictions
• scientific methods/techniques and procedures
• scientific explanations
Demonstrate: the personal skills of cooperation, perseverance and responsibility appropriate for effective scientific investigation and problem solving
Demonstrate: the manipulative skills necessary to carry out scientific investigation with precision and safety.
• Analyse: Classify the component parts and patterns.
• Evaluate: Discuss and examine the implications and limitations.
• Results: Raw data or manipulated data.
• Scientific techniques: Qualitative/quantitative experimental
• Data: Information that could include qualitative and/or quantitative
• Scientific terminology: Use of correct nomenclature, conventions,
and significant figures.
• Methods of presenting: written, oral, audio-visual, graphic and
• Scientific explanations: Explanations based on scientific
• Scientific investigation: Study of a phenomenon, hypothesis or
• Problem solving: Use of experimental data to solve a problem.
• Hypothesis: An idea suggested as a possible way of explaining
observations and phenomena.
Glossary of terms relating to the assessment objectives
• Demonstrate an understanding
• Recall information (facts, concepts, models, data);
• Translate information from one form to another;
• Explain information; summarise information. Apply and use
• Take given information and use it to solve a task.
• Construct and Assemble scientific information in a logical
Topic 1: Stoichiometry- Mole concept and Avogadro's constant
- Chemical equations
- Moles and gaseous volume relationships
Topic 2: Atomic theory
- The atom
- Electron configuration- The mass spectrometer
- Electron arrangement
Topic 3: Periodicity
- The periodic table
- Trends across period 3- Physical properties
- First row "d" block elements-Chemical properties
Topic 4: Bonding
- Ionic bonding
- Shapes of molecules and ions- Covalent bonding
- Hybridisation- Intermolecular forces
- Delocalisation of electrons- Metallic bonding
- Physical properties
Topic 5: Energetics
- Exo and endothermic reactions
- Standard enthalpy changes of reaction- Calculation
- Born-Haber cycle - Hess' law
- Bond enthalpies
Topic 6: Kinetics
- Rates of reaction
- Rate expression- Collision theory
- Reaction mechanism- Activation energy
Topic 7: Equilibrium
- Dynamic equilibrium
- Liquid-vapour equilibrium
- The position of equilibrium
- The equilibrium law
Topic 8: Acids and Bases
- Theories of acids and bases
- Properties of acids and bases
- Calculations involving acids and bases
- Buffer solutions - Strong and weak acids and bases
- Salt hydrolysis- The pH scale
- Acid-base titrations- Indicators
Topic 9: Oxidation and reduction
- Introduction to oxidation and reduction
- Standard electrode potentials- Redox equations
- Electrolysis- Reactivity
- Voltaic cells
- Electrolytic cells
Topic 10: Organic chemistry
- Nucleophilic substitution reactions- Alkenes
- Elimination reactions
- Condensation reactions - Halogenoalkanes
- Reaction pathways - Reaction pathways
Topic 11: Measurement and data processing
- Uncertainty and error in measurement
- Uncertainty in calculated results
- Graphical techniques
Opt.A Modern analytical chemistry
Opt.B Human Biochemistry
Opt.C Chemistry in industry and technology
Opt.D Medicines and drugs
Opt.E Environmental Chemistry
Opt.F Food chemistry
Opt.G Further Organic Chemistry
Assessment in the Diploma Program
Assessment is by means of examination and practical for both higher and standard level chemistry
Examination weighting - 76%
Practical work weighting - 24%
Examination (higher level)
There are three papers:
Paper 1 Multiple choice - 20%
Paper 2 Structured questions - 36%
Paper 3 Options questions - 20%
Total - 76%
Paper 1 (high): 1 hour consists of 40 multiple choice questions. Calculators are not allowed. A periodic
table is provided
Paper 2 (high): 2 hours 15 minutes consists of five structured questions and a choice of two from four
longer answer questions. Calculators are allowed and a data booklet is provided
Paper 3 (high): 1 hour 15 minutes consists of three questions form each of two selected options. The
paper presents eight option choices. Calculators are allowed and data booklets are provided.
Examination (standard level)
There are three papers:
Paper 1 Multiple choice - 20%
Paper 2 Structured questions - 32%
Paper 3 Options questions - 24%
Total - 76%
Paper 1 (standard): 45 minutes consists of 30 multiple choice questions. Calculators are not allowed.
A periodic table is provided
Paper 2 (standard): 1 hours 15 minutes consists of some structured questions and a choice of one
from three longer answer questions. Calculators are allowed and a data booklet is provided
Paper 3 (standard): 1 hour consists of two questions from each of two selected options. The paper
presents eight option choices. Calculators are allowed and data booklets are provided.
IB Chemistry - Examination Papers
IB Chemistry - Assessment